aquatic plants and aquatic animals basked in multiple evolutionary
phases taking millions of years each. The evolutions were
progressive and logical, as each step prepared flora and
fauna to become land bound. However, in order to succeed
on land, very specialized adaptations were necessary, entirely
different than aquatic adaptations from the past. For example,
in the aquatic environment, plants floated, developed holdfasts,
were nourished through cell walls, and had a basic reproduction
system, sometimes being as simple as cloning. The temperatures
in the ocean waters were constant with few fluctuations.
Each aquatic biome was rather unvarying and that consistency
is what permitted life to begin in the first place.
This was not the case on land. Our scientific records show
that Vestaian terrain endured a variety of weather and seasonal
changes. Life would be more complex on land. Although plants
continued to need sunlight to produce chlorophyll, continued
to give off oxygen to the atmosphere, and continued to require
water, the variety of terrestrial conditions brought about
a whole new assortment of species. These new species had
never been known before. At first, these plant species were
very minute, then became taller as they competed for sunlight.
Many new adaptations became apparent. Some of these adaptations
include the new method of reproduction which became sexual,
requiring eggs, spores, seeds and water. Plants grew deep,
long terrestrial roots seeking water, for the land was dry.
Plants developed a waxy outer cuticle on their leaves to
protect themselves from drying out. Plants developed surface
pores to exchange gases with the atmosphere. Internally,
plants developed a vascular system used to transport chlorophyll,
water and nutrients to all parts of the plant.
At first, land
plants were tiny and clung very tightly to Vestian rocks.
They looked like mosses, lichens and fern type plants. These
plants continued to need water to spread their seed. These
early plants continued their migration away from the ocean,
going deeper and deeper into the rugged terrain. At last,
the result was a modern kind of plant that had flowers,
berries, seeds and a hard outer skin, like bark. The evolution
of the spore to the seed was a remarkable thing.
It is important
to pause and consider the triumph of the land plant. This
slow evolution, lasting millions of years made Vesta ready
to nourish and sustain future land creatures. The next few
pages will focus on three of the many biomes found on Vesta.
The grassland biome of Amun will be closely examined. Then
the jewel of Vesta, the Rainforest of Belenus will be described.
Finally, the enchanted sand dunes of Belenus will be presented.